Assess injuries, administer emergency medical care, and extricate trapped individuals. Transport injured or sick persons to medical facilities.

Educational Requirements

for Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics
The typical entry level education for this occupation is a postsecondary training (non-degree).


Examples of the knowledge needed for success in this occupation is listed below, in order of importance.
  • Customer and Personal Service: Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
  • Medicine and Dentistry: Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
  • English Language: Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • Public Safety and Security: Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
  • Education and Training: Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.


Examples of the skills needed for success in this occupation are listed below, in order of importance.
  • Critical Thinking: Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.
  • Speaking: Talking to others.
  • Coordination: Changing what is done based on other people’s actions.
  • Active Listening: Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.
  • Social Perceptiveness: Understanding people’s reactions.


Examples of the abilities needed for success in this occupation are listed below, in order of importance.
  • Problem Sensitivity: Noticing when problems happen.
  • Oral Comprehension: Listening and understanding what people say.
  • Oral Expression: Communicating by speaking.
  • Inductive Reasoning: Making general rules or coming up with answers from lots of detailed information.
  • Deductive Reasoning: Using rules to solve problems.

Detailed Work Activities

Examples of the detailed work activities involved with this occupation are listed below, in order of importance.
  • Operate diagnostic or therapeutic medical instruments or equipment.
  • Implement advanced life support techniques.
  • Treat medical emergencies.
  • Inform medical professionals regarding patient conditions and care.
  • Record patient medical histories.